Cocaine

Coke, Blow, Snow

Cocaine increases alertness, produces euphoria, and give you the feeling of invincibility. The texture is similar to baby powder and range from a clear white, to an off-white and sometimes yellowish in colour.

Signs and Symptoms

Cocaine use becomes easier recognizable as the symptoms usually becomes more severe with continuous use. Most common signs will include:

  • Large, dilated pupils

  • Headaches or migraines

  • Impotence

  • Sniffing

  • Nose bleeds

  • Twitching or shaking

  • Disappearing and returning more confident and excited

  • Traces of white powder around the nose

  • Paraphernalia includes needles/syringes, razor blades to align the powder into lines, straws for snorting

See below adverse effects and withdrawal for more signs and symptoms.

Methods of Use

  • Injected

  • Smoked

  • Snorted

Adverse Effects

  • Agitation

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Apathy

  • Paranoia

  • Hallucinations

  • Potential for lethal overdose

  • Insomnia

  • Loss of appetite

  • Blurred vision

  • Vomiting

  • Rapid breathing

  • Chest pain

  • Twitching

  • Restlessness

Overdose Potential

According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), an overdose is brought on by a person that takes enough of the drug to reach toxic levels to their system. Overdose toxicity can largely depend on the individual user and their specific susceptibility to the toxins. Potency of the drug can also vary as it is often mixed or ‘cut’ with other materials.

Due to cocaine being a very powerful stimulant, an overdose can lead to the failure of a number of organ systems and physiologic functions, causing the brain and body to shut down.

Typical signs of an overdose:

  • Dangerously high blood pressure.

  • Irregular heart rate.

  • Extremely high body temperature.

  • Extreme anxiety or confusion.

  • Psychosis.

  • Nausea.

  • Agitation or tremors.

These symptoms may precede the onset of a heart attack, stroke or seizure.

Withdrawal

Symptoms depends on several factors including tolerance, length of addiction, metabolism, and severity of addiction. Withdrawal can be a painful and uncomfortable process and is often the reason why a person would rather return to their drug use.

 

Symptoms may include the following:

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Slowed thinking

  • Slowed activity or physical fatigue after activity

  • Exhaustion

  • Restlessness

  • Inability to experience sexual arousal

  • Anhedonia, or the inability to feel pleasure

  • Depression or anxiety

  • Suicidal thoughts or actions

  • Vivid, unpleasant dreams or nightmares

  • Physical symptoms, such as chills, tremors, muscle aches, and nerve pain

  • Increased craving for the drug

  • Increased appetite