Whoonga, Sugars, Ungah, Pinch

It is suggested that a person can become addicted to this dangerous drug after the first hit. Experiences include extreme relaxation, euphoria and deep contentment. It contains a mixture of substances including marijuana, low-grade heroin, and other additives such as antiretrovirals and rat poison.

Signs and Symptoms

Because nyaope is highly addictive, aspects that are influenced includes behaviour, physical changes and social changes. These changes may include:

  • Poor performance at work or school.

  • Suspicious or secretive behaviour

  • Mood swings

  • Unusual hyperactivity

  • Lack of motivation

  • Paranoia

  • Deterioration in physical appearance

  • Slurred speech

  • Impaired coordination

  • Isolation from family and old friends

  • Stealing or borrowing money

  • Wearing long sleeves or long pants to hide needle marks

Typical paraphernalia used:

  • Needles or syringes

  • Silver spoons

  • Aluminium foil

  • Missing shoelaces (tying off injection sites)

  • Pipes

Methods of Use

  • Injected

  • Smoked

  • Snorted

Adverse Effects

  • Anxiety

  • Depression

  • Insomnia

  • Potential lethal overdose

  • Lowered immunity

  • Body aches

  • Shivering

  • Problems breathing

  • Vomiting and diarrhoea

  • Weight loss

  • Restlessness

Overdose Potential

Like heroin, there is a high overdose potential associated with nyaope use. In overdose, lung and heart function reduction can be deadly.


Symptoms depends on several factors including tolerance, length of addiction, metabolism, and severity of addiction. Withdrawal can be a painful and uncomfortable process and is often the reason why a person would rather return to their drug use. Another challenge is the composition of the drug is often unknown. Making short- and long-term withdrawal effects unpredictable.


Withdrawal is commonly similar to heroin withdrawal. Symptoms usually start within a few hours then peak within 1-2 days and subsides between 5-7 days.

Symptoms may include the following:

  • Intense cravings

  • Sweating

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Muscle aches and pains

  • Cramping

  • Insomnia

  • Fever

  • Diarrhoea